The Tiger Salamander

Scienfic Name:- Ambystoma tigrinum

Tiger salamanders can grow 28cm or larger,   tiger salamanders share the record for the largest land-living salamander in the world with the giant salamanders (Dicamptodon spp.).

Salamanders are found across much of the northern hemisphere.   These amphibians have permeable skin and so must live in or near water.   Most salamander species lay eggs in water and have aquatic larvae with some species being fully aquatic,   some swimming intermittently and others being entirely terrestrial as adults.   These creatures also have the incredible ability to regenerate their limbs and some can produce powerful toxins in their skin.

Habitat :-There are different housing requirements for the aquatic larval stage versus the terrestrial adults.   Larvae require a fully aquatic set up with clean,   still water.   Once metamorphosed,   the adult tiger salamanders require a long terranium with a lid.   They like to burrow and require at least 12cm deep of a good quality top soil as a substrate.   It is also important to make sure there are no large particles in the soil as these amphibians can often ingest substrate matter while lunging at food and this can cause an obstruction.   Sphagnum moss can be used to cover the subtrate's surface and retain moisture.

They can live in a range of humidities and temperatures.   In general maintaining a gradient of moisture with the substrate being moist but not dripping wet,   and a temperaure of 10-24oC (50-75oF) although this can vary between species and should be matched to the climate of their region of origin.   A large water bowl can also be left in the enclosure providing it is easy to get into and out of.   All water should be dechlorinated drinking water.   Terranium lighting is not required.

Diet :- In the wild they would eat mainly beetles,   earthworms and crickets so we aim to emulate this in captivity.   Crickets and shop-bought insects should be gut-loaded with vegetables to improve their nutrient content.   Adults should be fed 2-3 times per week,   feeding the quantity they can consume within 15 minutes or they can become obese.   Restrict foods such as waxworms,   meal worms and pinky mice to occasional treats.

Life expectancy :- 10-13 years.

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